How to Box
Stance and Footwork
A stance is the position of a standing person. Stance in boxing is extremely important as it sets the platform for all basic punches. In boxing the main stance is the common orthodox stance, which is used when a boxer is fighting, sparring and working the bags.

To get into this stance do the following:

  • Stand with the feet hip width apart.
  • Take a single, regular, striding step forward with the left foot (if you are left handed step with the right foot, this stance is called southpaw also known as unorthodox).
  • Back foot kept at a 45-degree angle.
  • Shift weight onto the balls of the feet.
  • Distribute weight equally between the feet.
  • Keep the knees bent.
  • Bend elbows and tuck them into the sides (protects vital organs). As the arms are brought into the sides, place fists at cheekbone level with the left arm slightly out, ready to jab (for southpaw fighters, keep the right fist slightly out).
  • Keep chin down and look up.
  • Roll shoulders forward slightly.

Position body partially sideways with left shoulder and hand slightly closer to your opponent (for southpaw fighters, position body partially sideways with right shoulder and hand slightly closer to our opponent).

Footwork is equally important. As punches are thrown at the opponent they will not land if one cannot efficiently get close enough. Trying to avoid your opponents punches will be more difficult if the footwork is lacking.

The key with footwork is to ensure that the body is centered and well balanced at all times and that the fighting stance is secure. The main focus of footwork should be on moving forward and backward, left and right and pivoting.

Moving Backward and Forward
When moving forward, push off the back foot and step forward with the front foot with one half step. Following the front foot with the back foot in a shuffling motion to get back into the fighting stance.

To move backward, push off with the ball of the front foot while stepping back with the back foot with one half step. Follow with the front foot to get back into the fighting stance. Do not move backward unless it is absolutely necessary and try to fire punches while retiring.

Lateral Movement (Moving Left and Right)
Lateral movement includes moving and pushing either to the left or right to evade ones opponent. To move left, push off from the ball of the right foot while left foot moves one half step to the left (for southpaw fighters, push off from the ball of the left foot and move one half step with the right). Follow with the right foot to get back into the fighting stance (southpaw fighters, follow with the left foot).

To move right, push off from the ball of the left foot while moving the right foot one half step to the right (for southpaw fighters, push off from the ball of the right foot and move one half step with the right). Follow with the left foot (for southpaw fighters, follow with the right foot).

Pivoting
Pivoting allows one to quickly change the angle of approach to accurately counterpunch their opponent. Start of with shifting weight to the ball of the front foot. Then push off with the back foot to pivot the front foot a quarter turn to the left or the right. This should throw the opponent off balance and create openings for attack.